Geotourism Mapguide: A travel guide to the places most respected and recommended by locals.
  American Indian Reservation

Navajo Nation Indian Reservation

Navajo Nation Seal
Navajo Nation Council Chambers
Navajo Nation Museum
Navajo Nation Museum
Taken at Window Rock Navajo Tribal Park, these girls are Sisters
Taken at Church during Christmas Mass in Fort Defiance, Az.
Entrance to the Zoo
Entranct to Navajo Nation Zoo
Entrance to Navajo Nation Zoo
Window Rock Tribal Park
Navajo Nation Memorial Park
Navajo Nation Memorial Park
Window Rock, Navajo Tribal Park
Photos taken at Window Rock, Arizona
Window Rock, Navajo Tribal Park
Navajo Arts and Crafts

The Navajo Nation extends into the states of Utah , Arizona and New Mexico , covering over 27,000 square miles of unparalleled beauty. Diné Bikéyah, or Navajoland, is larger than 10 of the 50 states in America. The Navajo is the largest Native American tribe in the nation, and is located in the four corners region within the states of Arizona, Utah and New Mexico.


Navajo NationHistory - The People

Anthropologists believe the Navajos probably arrived in the Southwest between 800 and 1,000 years ago, crossing the Bering Strait land bridge and traveling south. The Navajo people call themselves Dine', literally meaning "The People." The Dine' speak about their arrival on the earth as a part of their story on the creation.

The Navajo are believed to have learned the rudiments of agriculture after arriving in the Four Corners area. They became aquainted with domesticated livestock after contact with the Spanish, taking on shepherding and horsemanship.

After the United States defeated Mexico in 1846 and gained control of the vast expanse of territory known today as the Southwest and California, the Navajos encountered a more substantial enemy.Colonel Kit Carson instituted a scorched earth policy, burning Navajo fields and homes, and stealing or killing their livestock. After starving the Navajos into submission, Carson rounded up every Navajo he could find - 8,000 men, women and children - and in the spring of 1864 forced his prisoners to march some 300 miles to Fort Sumner, New Mexico. Navajos call this "The Long Walk." Many died along the way, and died during the four long years of imprisonment. In 1868 after signing a treaty with the U.S., remaining Navajos were allowed to return to designated lands currently occupied in the Four Corners area of the U.S.

Navajo Land

The Navajo Nation is the largest Indian reservation in the United States, comprising about 16 million arcres, or about 25,000 square miles, approximately the size of the state of West Virginia.

Some of the most photographed scenery in the United States is on the reservation, notably Monument Valley near Kayenta, Arizona, and Canyon de Chelly near Chinle, Arizona. The geological history of the area is so apparent and stunning that it begs close investigation. Volcanic plugs and cinder cones, uplifted domes of rock that form mountains, and twisted meandering streams that have carved canyons over many hundreds of years make the high desert plateau inhabited by the Navajo people among the most interesting locations to live and work in the United States.

Average precipitation on the Reservation ranges from five inches in the lower elevations to 25 inches in the heights. Some of this is in the form of snow. The entire area is subject to winter snow and temperatures below freezing; summer temperatures may top 100 degrees with extreme aridity. During the late summer, seasonal torrential rains render many unpaved roads impassible and flash floods common to the Southwest US are not uncommon.

Navajo Lifestyle

Generally speaking, Navajos do not live in villages. Their traditions did not dictate this necessity, as is common with other Native American societies. They have always banded together in small groups, often near a source of water. Their wide dispersion across the reservation is due in part to the limited amount of grazing land, and the limited availability of water.

The traditional Navajo dwelling, the hogan was a conical or circular structure constructed of logs or stone. The more modern version is usually six-sided with a smoke hole in the center of the roof constructed of wood or cement. The doorway typically faces the East to recieve the blessing of the day's first rays of sun.

Traditionally, the Navajos are a matriarchal society, with descent and inheritance determined through one's mother. Navajo women have traditionally owned the bulk of resources and property, such as livestock. In cases of marital separation, women retained the property and children. In cases of maternal death children were sent to live with their mother's family. Traditional Navajo have a strong sense of family allegiance and obligation. Today, Navajos are faced with large unemployment rates; and "acculturation" to a more nuclear family structure similar to Anglos in the U.S. is increasingly present. As a culture in transition, the Navajo people and their traditional lifestyle is under the substantial stress brought about by rapid change in their society.

Navajo Nation Map

This map is quite large in height and width. You can click here to view the map in a seperate window. If you wish to save the image, right click on the image and select "Save Picture As" to save to your hard drive.




For More Information, Contact:

Navajo Nation Tourism Dept.
PO Box 663, Window Rock, AZ 86515
928 871-6436 · fax 928-810-8500

Heather madej wrote on November 05, 2017: I am doing a cultural learning project for school. I would like to do my project on the navajo nation in Chinle. I was wondering if you would know who I could interview for my project. Thank you so much!

Maria Gonzales wrote on August 07, 2017: I and my friends had the great pleasure of visiting the 4 corners this weekend 08/06/2017. Two drawbacks that I will like to mention is that by us paying $5.00 per person and then not even providing proper facilities to use the bathroom was totaling unacceptable in today's times. Surely, the money you are collecting per person is enough to call for proper flushing facilities along with a sink to be able to wash your hands properly. Second, not enough trash cans to dispose of food once one has finished eating:-( Love the adventure at the 4 corners but disappointed of public bathrooms

michel kellar wrote on March 10, 2016: I am seeking I Navajo artist Leon roe Navajo arrow maker. paid him to put a club handle on my Hawaian club stone and let the stone with him for this purpose. I never heard from him again and I had phone # and email he will not repond. his sister in law Sharon blackhat says she will give messages but no help there. I hope you can help me resovle or speak with him. I am native American and I feel hurt that he is acting this way. my email is or 903-873-9053 thank you

Linda wrote on February 15, 2016: In this Sunday's Swedish Paper SvD was a full-page article regarding the Navajo Nation; surprised only that it stated the Navajo Tribe living in "New Mexico." So, re-checking I find that the Navajo Nation flows over several states and has a vast amount of land much as 10 states. For each and everyone of you, I bow to your accomplishments. Originally from Arizona, I now live in Sweden but will ALWAYS make PR for the Navajo and their beautiful artistic gifts. Whenever a visit is possible, it will always be to Northern Arizona.

cayman wrote on October 31, 2014: I like the Navajos !!!!

Juan wrote on April 18, 2013: why no roadmap of the reservation? Any idea what the mission of this website is?

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Boundaries and names shown do not necessarily reflect the map policy of National Geographic.

Latitude: 35.666222300
Longitude: -109.050293000
Elevation: 6780 FT (2067 M)
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Valcita Thompson
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