Geotourism Mapguide: A travel guide to the places most respected and recommended by locals.
  Archaeological Site

Hawikku or Hawikuh

Spanish mission ruins in foreground with Hawikku ruins on the ridge.
Hawikku ruins ca. 1903-4. Some years prior to excavation.
Computer model of Hawikku based on archaeological findings.

This ancestral village of Zuni Pueblo was founded in the 1200s and was the largest of the Zuñi pueblos and the first to be seen by Spanish explorers. Originally thought to be one of the fabled gold Cities of Cíbola, Hawikuh was conquered by Coronado in 1540 and served as his headquarters for several months. Hawikuh was referred to as the "Capital of the Zuñis." A mission, La Purisima Concepcíón, was established at the pueblo but was destroyed during the Great Pueblo Revolt of 1680 when the New Mexico pueblos rose against the Spanish. Hawikuh was permanently abandoned after the revolt. In its prime Hawikuh had up to 150 rooms surrounding a central plaza and stood four stories high with multiple numbers of kivas and a population between 500 to 700. Remaining are extensive ruins atop a long low ridge and the adobe mounds of the mission church.

Hours Open: Only by tour scheduled through the Zuni Visitor Center.

Time Period Represented: 1200 A.D. to 1680 A.D.

Seasons Open: Year-round depending on weather.

Visitor Fees: $75 for a custom tour of up to four people with advance notice. $50 for Wednesdays at 1:00 P.M. for two people and $15 for each additional person.

 ADA Accessibility Notes

Rough open terrain with limited to no accessibility.

 Pet Friendly Notes

Check with Zuni Tourism staff.

For More Information, Contact:

Tom Kennedy
1239 Hwy. 53, Zuni, NM 87327
505-782-7238 · fax 505-782-7245

Marc Severson wrote on January 19, 2013: One of the most fascinating sites in the entire southwestern region. Well worth the efforts of going through tribal offices, getting a guide and driving the backroads. Not to be missed - a key site in the history of the southwest.

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Boundaries and names shown do not necessarily reflect the map policy of National Geographic.

Latitude: 34.959120800
Longitude: -108.996305500
Elevation: 6135 FT (1870 M)
Meet the Contributor:
Tom Kennedy
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